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THE CRYPTO DOCTRINE
The Castle Doctrine paintings as one-of-a-kind, non-fungible crypto tokens


155 unique pixel paintings from the independent video game The Castle Doctrine. Inside the game world, only one player can own each painting, but paintings can be stolen by other players through in-game burglaries, which are completely legal. In the real world, only one person can own each non-fungible painting token, but tokens can be stolen by other people through real-life burglaries, which are completely illegal. Please acquire your tokens responsibly.


This is a Dutch auction, where the price starts high and falls over time. The prices will decline in a linear fashion, all the way down to 0 ETH, by Sunday, March 14, 2021 at Noon EST.

More information can be found here.


View the collection and bid on on OpenSea. Collect all 155!


TCD #1
Owl
by Jason Rohrer
[not for sale]

TCD #2
Sky
by Jason Rohrer
[not for sale]

TCD #3
Everything I Love
by Stephen Lavelle
0.01 ETH

TCD #4
Breeze
by Jenova Chen
0.01 ETH

TCD #5
Kiwi!
by Danny Ledonne
0.01 ETH

TCD #6
Are you embarrassed to dance?
by Ashly Burch
0.01 ETH

TCD #7
Lips for Eyelids
by Ashly Burch
0.01 ETH

TCD #8
Escape Found
by Scott Brodie
0.01 ETH

TCD #9
Old Guard
by Scott Brodie
0.01 ETH

TCD #10
Bound Sun
by Scott Brodie
0.01 ETH

TCD #11
Eyes Wide Spread
by Daniel Cook
0.01 ETH

TCD #12
Down Goes Frazier
by Jason Stevenson
[not for sale]

TCD #13
Yellow Bars
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #14
Obviously, a major malfunction
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #15
Flame Out
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #16
Band of Brothers
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #17
Mike Shot
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #18
Tentacles!
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #19
Zapruder260
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #20
Delicate Arch
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #21
Manhattan
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #22
Core
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #23
Nightscape
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #24
Night City
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #25
Lulu
by American McGee
[not for sale]

TCD #26
Crossed
by American McGee
[not for sale]

TCD #27
Flicker
by American McGee
[not for sale]

TCD #28
Xian
by American McGee
0.01 ETH

TCD #29
Whoops
by Anthony Burch
0.01 ETH

TCD #30
Today
by Nick Montfort
0.01 ETH

TCD #31
Felicity
by Cactus
[not for sale]

TCD #32
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #33
Warhol
by Victor Stone
[not for sale]

TCD #34
Ass Over Tea Kettle
by Victor Stone
0.01 ETH

TCD #35
Study in Blue
by Rod Humble
0.01 ETH

TCD #36
Portrait of a Raindrop
by Rod Humble
0.01 ETH

TCD #37
The Storm
by Rod Humble
0.01 ETH

TCD #38
The Escape
by Rod Humble
0.01 ETH

TCD #39
Skull
by David S. Goyer
0.01 ETH

TCD #40
Crow in Red
by Adam Saltsman
0.01 ETH

TCD #41
Geovisage One
by Adam Saltsman
0.01 ETH

TCD #42
Geovisage Two
by Adam Saltsman
0.01 ETH

TCD #43
Geovisage Three
by Adam Saltsman
0.01 ETH

TCD #44
Savanna
by Adam Saltsman
0.01 ETH

TCD #45
Sentinel
by Adam Saltsman
[not for sale]

TCD #46
The Grim Bulldog
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #47
Wilderness
by Terry Cavanagh
[not for sale]

TCD #48
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #49
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #50
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #51
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #52
Summer Reach
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #53
Toby
by Jordan Magnuson
0.01 ETH

TCD #54
RYB 1
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #55
RYB 2
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #56
RYB 3
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #57
RYB 4
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #58
RYB 5
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #59
Dermatillomanian Handle
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #60
Dermatillomanian Cultivation
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #61
Dermatillomanian Sheath
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #62
Dermatillomanian Seduction
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #63
Dermatillomanian Abyss
by Alex Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #64
UKU1NbyLyNCsRgVSsoVOLosPEOiyGRJKRdUh2a1WP5P6
0.01 ETH

TCD #65
i1wZebCgqGYLcBWK7K888dfPdJs57ohaoF35NBSp8xxh
[not for sale]

TCD #66
sKZAkUoDPjKdEmOaucx1RUqHi444FV3JquwzIVLFBI8B
0.01 ETH

TCD #67
H8d9k15aVQob0d4pXEiFGL6Ry2HMRckCdKD5MJT1sCh9
0.01 ETH

TCD #68
Hrn6kGh64jqCISghEEyyU13D4EV5gWItFD0VaJSKBEWZ
0.01 ETH

TCD #69
Dogs
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #70
Set
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #71
Rise
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #72
Haze
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #73
Four
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #74
Prism
by Kyle Pulver
0.01 ETH

TCD #75
Protect Me from What I Want
by Nick Montfort
0.01 ETH

TCD #76
Forward
by Jason Stevenson
0.01 ETH

TCD #77
Skull over Red
by Mark Johns
0.01 ETH

TCD #78
Dead End
by S. Galvin
0.01 ETH

TCD #79
Ceci n'est pas une beetle
by S. Galvin
[not for sale]

TCD #80
Palomar
by S. Galvin
0.01 ETH

TCD #81
Distant Chrome
by S. Galvin
[not for sale]

TCD #82
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #83
Inspiration
by Jasper Byrne
[not for sale]

TCD #84
Church
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #85
Evolve
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #86
Friends
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #87
Music
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #88
School
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #89
Isolation
by Lauren Serafin
0.01 ETH

TCD #90
Jacob III de Gheyn
by Cloobrandt
0.01 ETH

TCD #91
Sarsaparilla Day
by Art Vogt
0.01 ETH

TCD #92
Sarsaparilla Night
by Art Vogt
0.01 ETH

TCD #93
Sarsaparilla Sunset
by Art Vogt
[not for sale]

TCD #94
Ristretto
by Andy Lin
0.01 ETH

TCD #95
Blythe
by Andy Lin
0.01 ETH

TCD #96
Jane
by Andy Lin
0.01 ETH

TCD #97
Full
by Mark Essen
0.01 ETH

TCD #98
Empty
by Mark Essen
0.01 ETH

TCD #99
Doing Time
by Charlie Franco
0.01 ETH

TCD #100
Knock Out
by Charlie Franco
0.01 ETH

TCD #101
Snow Mask
by Charlie Franco
0.01 ETH

TCD #102
Stars-N-Stripes
by Charlie Franco
0.01 ETH

TCD #103
Tongue Out
by Charlie Franco
0.01 ETH

TCD #104
Sierra
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #105
Fog
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #106
Aegis
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #107
Weave
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #108
Brooklyn
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #109
Sauron
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #110
Color Field
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #111
Counterpoint
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #112
Future Buildings
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #113
Shield
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #114
Domicile
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #115
Cityscape
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #116
Form
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #117
Medusa's Head
by William Beebe
0.01 ETH

TCD #118
A Snail in the Sun
by Jason and Willow Adaska
0.01 ETH

TCD #119
Burning of Parliment
by Frank Lantz
0.01 ETH

TCD #120
Here is a Hand
by Frank Lantz
0.01 ETH

TCD #121
Hexagram Orange
by Frank Lantz
0.01 ETH

TCD #122
Jason
by Frank Lantz
[not for sale]

TCD #123
Ko
by Frank Lantz
[not for sale]

TCD #124
Speech Balloon
by Frank Lantz
0.01 ETH

TCD #125
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #126
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #127
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #128
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #129
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #130
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #131
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #132
Alien
by Matthew Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #133
Infected
by Matthew Diamond
0.01 ETH

TCD #134
Surge After Hokusai
by Steven Diamond
[not for sale]

TCD #135
Storm Center
by Steven Diamond
[not for sale]

TCD #136
Having a Read
by Mike Treanor
0.01 ETH

TCD #137
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #138
Mountain
by Samuel Roberts
0.01 ETH

TCD #139
Happy Tiger
by Olivier Lejade
0.01 ETH

TCD #140
Eiffel at Dawn
by Olivier Lejade
0.01 ETH

TCD #141
Girls, Let's Start a Riot!
by Moboid
0.01 ETH

TCD #142
Real Art!
by Edmund McMillen
[not for sale]

TCD #143
One of Two
by Chris Bell
0.01 ETH

TCD #144
Sky
by Jason Rhorer
[not for sale]

TCD #145
Stolen
0.01 ETH

TCD #146
Stolen
[not for sale]

TCD #147
The Watermelon
by Derek Yu
[not for sale]

TCD #148
Woman by the Sea
by Daniel Benmergui
0.01 ETH

TCD #149
Woman by the Sea
by Daniel Benmergui
0.01 ETH

TCD #150
Attack of the Clone Maze
by Ayza
0.01 ETH

TCD #151
Run From Blue
by Ayza
0.01 ETH

TCD #152
Watch Out, There's Traps Set
by Ayza
0.01 ETH

TCD #153
Goth Knight Huskarl
by Mez
0.01 ETH

TCD #154
Roman Knight Order Giver
by Mez
0.01 ETH

TCD #155
Pepper
by Jackie Rohrer
0.01 ETH



Questions and Answers


What am I buying?

A non-fungible token is like a title deed on the Ethereum blockchain that declares you as the one true owner of the painting token in question. Because I effectively sign the deed over to you, using the secret key in my wallet, the deed cannot be forged by someone else. And because the blockchain is tracking the deed as it is transferred from person to person, there's a visible provenance that can be traced all the way back to me, the creator of the token. The provenance can be viewed by anyone by looking the token up in the blockchain, using a tool like OpenSea. You can see an example token with a storied provenance here.



Can't you just make more copies of these tokens later?

Yes, I can, but they won't be the real, original tokens sold in this auction. In fact, someone else can make "fake" painting tokens too and put them out there. However, anyone can look up a token's history on the blockchain, using a tool like OpenSea, and check the provenance. The real painting tokens were created by me this week. Any fake tokens, created by me or anyone else, will have later birth dates, making them easily recognizable as fakes.



Why would I want one of these? What can I do with it?

Once you get one of these tokens into your Ethereum wallet, you become the one true owner of the token, and you can do whatever you want with it. You can hold it, transfer it, gift it, wait for offers on it, or even auction it yourself. This web page, and the OpenSea collection page, track the current status of each painting. If someone offers up a painting for sale in the future, their asking price will show up here. Even though the painting token will be out of my hands, it will still be in the public blockchain, where everyone can check its status.



So I can potentially resell a painting for a profit in the future?

Yes, that's possible. It's also possible for it to drop in value in the future, of course.



What happens if someone snags an auction painting for cheap, and sells it later for millions?

The blockchain token contract specifies a 10% royalty fee, back to me, on all future sales, so while you enjoy your millions, I'll be taking a small cut of that windfall. Thus, I'm not scared that these paintings will sell for cheap now and gain popularity later.



What about the original artists?

If, in a miraculous turn of events, these paintings become insanely popular and bring in loads of auction money and back-end royalties, I will share the money with any of the original artists who want some of it. These paintings were all made for me at my specific request, back in 2013, but these people are all my personal friends, and I'm not looking to screw anyone over.



How does a Dutch auction work?

An English auction is more familiar, where the price starts with a low bid, people outbid each other, and the auction continues as long as the bidding, with the highest bidder winning. A Dutch auction works in the opposite way: the price starts very high, beyond what anyone would be willing to pay, and falls gradually over time. As the price falls, anyone can buy the item at its current price, and the auction ends immediately at that point, with no further bidding. People still compete with each other, but the psychology is different, since they're trying to wait as long as possible to get the best price, but they don't want to wait too long, because there's a risk of someone else snagging it.



Why not an English auction?

Bidding in an English auction requires an irrevocable promise to pay, so that the highest bidder can receive the item in an atomic swap when the auction ends. That's a more complicated (and thus expensive) operation on the blockchain, because the bid funds need to be locked in a contract. Thus, in an English auction, potential buyers need to essentially pay gas fees even to bid, and they don't get those fees back if someone else wins the item. A Dutch auction doesn't have this problem, because it's essential a falling fixed price, and a buyer can buy the item instantly at any time, with no promise to pay later. Also, the original game used a Dutch auction for the paintings, with very high starting prices, so this setup in real life makes a nice parallel.



The starting price is 6 ETH per painting? That's insanely high!

A Dutch auction works best with an insanely high starting price, to put everyone on equal footing in the waiting game. If the starting price was reasonable, and several people were willing to pay that reasonable price right at the start, the quickest person would win the auction. But the price will fall to 3 ETH in 48 hours, and 1 ETH by Sunday. There will be several hours of much more reasonable prices on Sunday. A Dutch auction kinda comes to a head right at the end.



How do I actually bid?

Bidding takes place with Ethereum cryptocurrency, so you're going to need to get your hands on some of that, and put it into an Ethereum wallet. You bid through the OpenSea system, so you have to use wallet software that is compatible with their website, as a browser extension. That's how they authorize your purchase, by asking your browser extension wallet for permission. MetaMask is the most widely used browser wallet, with support for Firefox, Chrome, Brave, and Edge. You can download it for your browser here: https://metamask.io/download.html. Once you have it installed, you can either create a new Ethereum wallet in MetaMask, and send some Ethereum to it, or sign in to an existing Ethereum wallet inside MetaMask. When you go to buy an item on OpenSea, MetaMask will pop up and ask you to approve the transaction.



What's going on with the gas fees?

Doing anything on the Ethereum blockchain requires a gas fee, payed to the nodes that are operating the network. The size of the fee corresponds to the complexity of the operation and the current congestion in the network. Something simple, like sending someone Ethereum currency, might incur a fee of something like $4 to $10 worth of Ethereum, depending on the time of day and network congestion. Transferring non-fungible tokens require a more complex contract operation on the blockchain, so the gas fees are quite a bit higher, with $60 fees or more being common at peak times. You will pay a substantial gas fee when buying a painting token, but you'll be able to see a preview of that fee before you approve the transaction. Keep gas fees in mind, however, if you're thinking about snagging a painting on the cheap.



NFTs are a scam. And they're destroying the planet. They're a planet-destroying scam! How dare you?

I'm definitely taking a walk on the moral wild side with this one. Follow the saccharine sound of my silver pipe, as I lead the way to ruin.



You're trying to pass this off as some kind of edgy artistic statement? You're really just trying to cash in on the hype!

Oh, I'm definitely cashing in on the hype.